Second Session, Thirty-Eighth Legislature

This version is based on the printed bill that was distributed in the Legislature after First Reading.
It is not the official version.   If accuracy is critical, you can obtain a copy of the printed bill from Statutory Publications.

Bill 4


Explanatory Note

(Assented to                                         )

HER MAJESTY, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba, enacts as follows:

C.C.S.M. c. E110 amended


The Employment Standards Code is amended by this Act.


The heading for Division 9 of Part 2 is replaced with the following:



The following is added after section 59.1:




The following definitions apply in this section.

"common-law partner" of a person means a person who, not being married to the other person, is cohabiting with him or her in a conjugal relationship of some permanence. (« conjoint de fait »)

"family member", in relation to an employee, means

(a) a spouse or common-law partner of the employee;

(b) a child of the employee or a child of the employee's spouse or common-law partner;

(c) a parent of the employee or a spouse or common-law partner of the parent; and

(d) any other person who is a member of a class of persons prescribed in the regulations for the purpose of this definition. (« membre de la famille »)

"physician" means a physician who provides care to a family member and who is entitled to practise medicine under the laws of the jurisdiction in which the care is provided. (« médecin »)

Entitlement to leave


Subject to subsections (3) to (8), an employee who has been employed by the same employer for at least 30 days is entitled to compassionate care leave of up to eight weeks to provide care or support to a seriously ill family member.

Physician's certificate


For an employee to be eligible for leave, a physician must issue a certificate stating that:

(a) a family member of the employee has a serious medical condition with a significant risk of death within 26 weeks from

(i) the day the certificate is issued, or

(ii) if the leave was begun before the certificate was issued, the day the leave began; and

(b) the family member requires the care or support of one or more family members.

Employee to give notice to employer


An employee who wishes to take a leave under this section must give the employer notice of at least one pay period, unless circumstances necessitate a shorter period.

Employee to provide physician's certificate


The employee must give the employer a copy of the physician's certificate as soon as possible.

When leave may be taken


An employee may take no more than two periods of leave totalling no more than eight weeks, which must end no later than 26 weeks after the day the first period of leave began.

Minimum period of leave


No period of leave may be less than one week's duration.

Ending leave early


Unless the employee and employer agree otherwise, an employee may end a leave earlier than the expiry of eight weeks by giving the employer at least 48 hours' notice of his or her expected date of return.


Section 60 is replaced with the following:

No termination or lay-off


No employer shall lay-off or terminate the employment of an employee entitled to take a leave under this Division because the employee is pregnant or intends to take a leave or takes a leave allowed by this Division.



At the end of an employee's leave under this Division, the employer shall reinstate the employee to the position the employee occupied when the leave began or to a comparable position, with not less than the wages and any other benefits earned by the employee immediately before the leave began.



Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply if the employer lays off the employee, terminates his or her employment or fails to reinstate for reasons unrelated to the leave.

Employment deemed continuous


For the purpose of pension and other benefits, the employment of an employee with the same employer before and after a leave under this Division is deemed to be continuous.

Right to file complaint


An employee who claims

(a) that he or she has been laid off or that his or her employment has been terminated contrary to subsection (1); or

(b) that he or she has not been reinstated as required by subsection (2);

may file a complaint with an officer under section 92.

Complaint to be filed within six months


A complaint must be filed within six months after the date of the lay-off or termination, or within six months after the date the employee should have been reinstated.


Section 92 is amended

(a) in the section heading of the English version, by striking out "re unpaid wages"; and

(b) by adding the following after clause (a):

(a.1) subsection 60(5) (leave of absence);


The following is added after section 96:

Compensation or reinstatement order


If an officer investigating a complaint determines that an employer has contravened section 60, the officer may by order require the employer to pay compensation to the employee for any loss he or she incurred as a result of the contravention, or reinstate the employee, or both compensate and reinstate the employee.

Administrative costs


An order under subsection (1) must also require the employer to pay administrative costs of $100., or 10% of any compensation ordered, whichever is more, to a maximum of $1,000.

Compensation deemed to be wages


For all purposes under this Code,

(a) a complaint that results or might result in an order of compensation or reinstatement under this section is deemed to be a complaint relating to unpaid wages; and

(b) compensation ordered to be paid under this section is deemed to be wages due and payable to the employee, and an order to pay compensation is deemed to be an order for the payment of wages made under subsection 96(1).

No maximum amount

96.1(4)      Subsection 96(2) (maximum amount recoverable by employee) does not apply to a compensation order made under this section.


Subsection 110(1) is replaced with the following:

Person named in order may request referral


A person named in an order made under this Part in respect of a complaint relating to unpaid wages may request the director to refer the matter to the Board, and the director shall, subject to sections 109 and 111, refer the matter.

When request must be made


A request under subsection (1) must be made

(a) within 30 days after the order is served on the person, in the case of an order made under subsection 96.1(1) (compensation or reinstatement); and

(b) within seven days after the order is served on the person, in the case of any other order;

or within any further time that the director may allow.


Clause 135(1)(l) is amended by adding ", compassionate care leave" after "parental leave".


The following is added after clause 144(1)(o):

(o.1) prescribing classes of persons for the purpose of clause (d) of the definition "family member" in subsection 59.2(1);

Coming into force


This Act comes into force on January 4, 2004.

Explanatory Note

Recent amendments to the federal Employment Insurance Act provide up to six weeks' compassionate care benefits for employees who need time off work to provide care or support for a terminally ill family member.

This Bill amends Manitoba's Employment Standards Code to allow Manitoba employees to take advantage of the new federal benefit.  It gives employees the right to take up to eight weeks' unpaid leave from work, whether or not they are entitled to employment insurance benefits, and to be reinstated at the end of the leave.

The Bill also allows an order of compensation or reinstatement to be made against an employer who lays off, terminates or fails to reinstate an employee because the employee is pregnant or takes a maternity leave, parental leave or compassionate care leave allowed under The Employment Standards Code.