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The Highway Traffic Act

C.C.S.M. c. H60

The Highway Traffic Act

DEFINITIONS AND INTERPRETATION
1 (1) Definitions
(2) Interpretation
(3) Repealed
(4) Interpretation re certain provisions requiring driving on the right
(5) Interpretation re certain provisions requiring driving on the left
APPLICATION OF ACT
2 (1) Repealed
(2) Repealed
(3) Separate roadways
(4) Repealed
(5) and (6) Repealed
3 References to Criminal Code
4 Effect of invalidity
PART I
REGISTRATION OF VEHICLES
4.1 When certain tractors are motor vehicles
REQUIREMENT TO REGISTER CERTAIN VEHICLES AND DISPLAY NUMBER PLATES
4.2 (1) Registration and plating of vehicles
(2) to (11) Repealed
RECIPROCAL AGREEMENTS AND ARRANGEMENTS
4.3 (1) Reciprocal agreements
(2) Restrictions on exemptions
(3) Agreements re registration and apportioning fees
(4) Restrictions on exemptions
(5) Cancellation
(6) Definition of "state"
(7) Transition
4.4 to 4.20 Repealed
USE OF REGISTRATION CARDS
4.21 (1) Production of registration card to peace officer
(2) Exception for repairers
4.22 to 4.24 Repealed
VISIBILITY OF NUMBER PLATES
4.25 (1) Repealed
(1.1) Obstruction of number plate
(2) Effect of towing trailer or other vehicle
(3) When a number plate must be displayed
4.26 to 4.31 Repealed
5 Repealed
6 to 18 Repealed
PART I.1
REQUIREMENT TO REPORT SUSPICIOUS VEHICLE
19 to 21.10 Repealed
DUTY TO REPORT DEFACED IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS AND UNCLAIMED OR DAMAGED VEHICLES
21.11 (1) Definition of "motor vehicle"
(2) Report of defaced identification number
(3) Reports of vehicles stored in suspicious circumstances
(4) Nature of report
OFFENCES AND EVIDENCE
21.12 (1) Offence and penalty
(2) Directors and officers of corporations
(3) Limitation period
(4) Liability for employee or agent
21.13 Repealed
RENTING MOTOR VEHICLES
22 Record of motor vehicles rented
23 Repealed
PART II
LICENCE REQUIREMENTS FOR HIGHWAY DRIVING
24 (1) Driver's licence required to drive motor vehicle
(1.1) Licence required to operate tractors, etc.
(1.2) Exception for out-of-province driving permits
(2) to (5) Repealed
(6) Repealed
(7) Repealed
(8) Repealed
(9) Repealed
(10) to (12) Repealed
(13) Repealed
25 Repealed
26 Repealed
NOVICE DRIVERS
26.0.1 Definitions
26.1 (1) Regulations
(2) Application of regulations
(3) Offence and penalty
(4) Saving
(5) Defence of novice driver to charge re supervising driver's qualifications
26.2 Repealed
26.3 Alcohol and drugs — novice drivers
26.4 (1) Restrictions at learner stage for class 5 vehicles
(2) Restrictions at intermediate stage for class 5 vehicles
27 to 30 Repealed
31 (1) Repealed
(2) Examination before issue of licence
(3) Exemption from examination
(4) Registrar may issue licence
(5) Refusal to issue without examination
(6) Further examination, interview or course required
(6.1) Failure to comply
(7) Temporary licence
(8) Particulars of examination
(9) Repealed
(10) Repealed
(11) Exemption from driving test for certain employees
(12) Issue of lower class of licences
(13)
(14) Repealed
RECIPROCAL AGREEMENTS AND ARRANGEMENTS
31.1 (1) Arrangements and agreements recognizing foreign drivers' licences
(2) Cancellation of arrangement or agreement
32 to 34 Repealed
PART III
EQUIPMENT DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT OF VEHICLES
MINIMUM LIGHTING EQUIPMENT REQUIRED
34.1 Application of s. 35 to 37 to agricultural equipment
35 (1) Lighting equipment of vehicles
(2) Strength of lamps
(3) Strength of headlamps
(4) Headlamps to comply with regulations, etc.
(5) Strength of certain rear lamps
(6) Strength of "stop" lamps
(7) Lamp equipment on special mobile machines
(8) Lamps and reflectors on other vehicles
(9) Size of reflectors
(10) Application of clause (1)(c)
(11) When lamps required to be lighted
(11.1) Exemption for peace officers
(12) Lamps to be lighted during operation
(13) Responsibility of owners
(14) Lamps on towed equipment
(15) Warning lighting on repair and escort motor vehicles
(15.1) When warning lighting must be illuminated
(16) Lamps on special mobile vehicles
(17) Lamps on special government or municipal vehicles
(18) Beacons on farm trucks
36 (1) Lighting equipment on newer type of vehicles
(2) Beam indicator
(3) Intensity of headlamp of moped or mobility vehicle
MAXIMUM LIGHTING EQUIPMENT PERMITTED
37 (1) Parking lamps
(2) Alternative lamps
(3) Strength of lamps under subsec. (2)
(4) Ditch lamp
(5) Turning signal lamps
(6) Special permits
(7) Special lighting for construction and repair vehicles
(8) School bus lighting systems
(9) When school bus lamp should not be lighted
(10) "Back-up" lamps
(11) Fog lamps
(12) Use of fog lamps
(13) Flashing emergency lamps
(14) When emergency lamps may be operated
LIGHTING EQUIPMENT PROHIBITED
38 (1) Prohibited lamps
(2) White lights on rear
(3) to 38(5) Repealed
LIGHTING EQUIPMENT ON EMERGENCY VEHICLES
38.1 (1) Vehicles used by police forces
(2) Vehicles used by fire departments etc.
(3) Vehicle used by an ambulance service
(4) Lamp on roof of vehicle not ordinarily used for emergency purposes
(5) Lamp on dash of vehicle not ordinarily used for emergency purposes
(6) Lamp to be covered except during emergency response
(7) Certain utility vehicles
38.2 Spot or flood lamps permitted
OTHER PROVISIONS RESPECTING LIGHTING EQUIPMENT
39 (1) Compliance with conditions on permits
(2) Saving cl. re sec. 36
(3) Offence
40 (1) Procedure where lamps defective
(2) Position of flares, etc.
(3) Flares, etc., to be carried by p.s.v.'s and trucks
BRAKING EQUIPMENT
41 (1) Brakes on motor vehicles
(2) Brakes on trailers
(3) Exemption for certain mounted sheds
(4) Exemption for certain farm trailers
(5) Application of brakes
(6) Separate application of brakes
(7) Front and rear brakes required
(8) Power of brakes
(9) Air brake system to be in accordance with regulations
(10) Exception for older vehicles
MIRROR EQUIPMENT
42 (1) Mirror equipment
(2) Rear view mirrors on trolley buses
TIRE EQUIPMENT
43 (1) Tires
(2) Solid rubber tires
(3) Restrictions on protuberances on tires
(4) Regulations as to safety studs on tires
(5) Authority to use safety studs
WARNING DEVICE
44 (1) Horn, and use thereof
(2) Sirens
(3) Exception
45 (1) Mufflers required
(2) Cut-out not permitted
SPEEDOMETER
46 (1) Speedometers required
(2) Odometer required
(3) Tampering with odometer
47 (1) Speedometer testers
(2) Effective tester's certificate
(3) Testing speedometer by other means
(4) Effect of certificate by peace officer
SPLASHGUARDS OR FENDERS
48 Splashguards required
BUMPERS
49 (1) Bumpers required
(2) Standards of bumpers
(3) Offence and penalty
(4) Definitions
PROPELLOR GUARDS ON SNOWMOBILES
50 Propellor guards required
51 (1) Motorcycle handlebars
(2) Front fork
(3) Frame
GLASS IN WINDOWS
52 (1) Application and definitions
(2) Requirement for safety glass
(3) Requirement as to new glass
53 Windshields
54 (1) Spray tints on windshields prohibited
(2) Exception
NAME ON MOTOR VEHICLES
55 (1) Names required on truck
(2) Application of subsection (1)
PARTITIONS IN LIVESTOCK TRUCKS
56 Transportation of livestock
OBSTRUCTION OF VIEW
57 (1) Windshield wipers required
(2) Frost shields required
(3) Clear view for driver required
(4) Windshield washers
58 Permit for certain obstructions of view
EQUIPMENT, GENERAL PROVISIONS
59 (1) Standards required for equipment
(2) Changing suspension system
(3) Exception to subsection (2)
60 Equipment in good order
PROJECTIONS FROM VEHICLES
61 (1) Repealed
(2) Securing of loads on motor vehicles and trailers
(3) Where load not required to be covered
(4) Regulations for securing loads
(5) Loading of cordwood
(6) Cordwood loads to be properly secured
(7) Fastening of tail-gate
TRAILER CONNECTIONS
62 (1) Requirements as to towing
(2) Connections and equipment of second trailer
(3) Where cl. (1)(c) not applicable
TOWING AND PUSHING
63 (1) Towing of motor vehicles
(2) Distance between vehicle towed and towing vehicle
64 (1) Pushing of motor vehicles in urban areas
(2) Exception for vehicle with disabled engine
INSPECTION OF EQUIPMENT
65 (1) Inspection by peace officer
(2) Co-operation by driver
66 (1) Removal of unsafe vehicle on order of peace officer
(2) Removal by peace officer of unsafe vehicle
67 Repealed
WEIGHT RESTRICTIONS
68 (1) Definitions
(2) Vicarious responsibility
(3) Regulations
(3.1) Validation
(3.2) Delegation of power under subsection (3)
(3.3) Variation of permissible weights and highway classifications by minister
(3.4) Who the minister's delegate may be
(3.5) Order must state effective period
(3.6) Statutes and Regulations Act does not apply
(3.7) Publication of orders
(3.8) When orders come into force
(3.9) Publication constitutes notice of order
(3.10) Regulations and orders may be general or particular
(3.11) Precedence of orders under subsection (3.2) or (3.3)
(4) Breach of weights and dimensions regulations
(4.1) Contravention of an order
(5) and (6) Repealed
(7) Classification by other traffic authorities
(8) Repealed
(9) Repealed
(10) Repealed
(11) Signage
(12) Former class B highways reclassified
(13) Offence: excess weight less than 2,000 kg
(13.1) Offence: excess weight of 2,000 kg or more
(13.2) Penalty for excess weight
(14) Calculation of overweight
(15) Repealed
(16) Application of section 86
69 (1) Tractors on bridges and culverts
(2) Surface of bridge to be protected when tractors crossing
70 Liability for damage by overweight motor vehicles
71 (1) Prohibition of certain classes of vehicles
(2) Repealed
72 (1) Weighing of vehicles on order of peace officer
(2) Evidence of weight ascertained by portable scale
(3) Alternative weighing
(4) Limitation on certificate under subsection (2)
(5) Prohibition against dumping in transit
(6) Orders to unload vehicle
(7) Removal of goods unloaded
(8) Sale of goods unloaded
(9) Detention of vehicle temporarily
(10) Compliance with orders of peace officer
(11) Actions for damages prohibited
(12) Repealed
73 (1) Appointment of testers
(2) Effect of certificate of tester
PART IV
CONTROL OF TRAFFIC, SPEED, RULES OF THE ROAD, BICYCLES
DIVISION I
CONTROL OF TRAFFIC
74 (1) Application of Part
(2) Situs of maintenance vehicles
75 Duty of caution
CONTROL OF TRAFFIC BY PEACE OFFICERS AND OTHERS
76 (1) Peace officer or firefighter may direct traffic
(2) When powers in subsection (1) may be exercised
(3) Obeying peace officer's or firefighter's directions
(4) Obedience overrides certain traffic violations
(5) Firefighter's authority subordinate to police officer
76.1 (1) Peace officer may stop vehicles
(2) Offence and penalty
(3) Additional penalty
(4) Peace officer's authority — driver information
(5) Peace officer's authority — passenger information
(6) No right to counsel
(7) Peace officer's authority unaffected
76.2 (1) Peace officer may conduct field sobriety test
(2) Driver must go through field sobriety test
(3) Regulations respecting field sobriety tests
CONTROL OF TRAFFIC BY TRAFFIC AUTHORITIES
77 (1) Erection of traffic control devices
(2) Restricted speed area sign for Winnipeg
(3) Signs on designated highways
(4) Signs in restricted speed areas
(5) Signs affecting speed in back lanes
(6) Fixing of lower rate of speed by traffic authority
(7) to (9) Repealed
(10) Definition of "flagman"
(11) Observance of flagman's directions
77.1 (1) Definitions relating to safety in designated construction zones
(2) Required signage for designated construction zones
(3) Responsibility for required signage
(4) Additional signage for designated construction zones
(5) Maximum permitted speed in a designated construction zone
(6) How maximum permitted speed is established
(7) When maximum permitted speed applies
(8) Requiring alteration or removal of traffic control devices
(9) Regulations
(10) Application of regulations
78 Repealed
79 (1) Erection of "stop" or "arrêt" signs
(2) Illumination of "stop" or "arrêt" signs
(3) Traffic control devices to prohibit standing, etc.
(4) Erection of traffic control signals
(5) Erection of other traffic control devices
(6) Temporary traffic control devices
(7) Four-way stops
PRESUMPTIONS
80 Presumption of proper erection of traffic control devices
TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES
81 (1) Approval of traffic control devices
(2) Exception for certain devices re school zones
(3) Exception for certain devices re construction zones
82 (1) Imitative devices prohibited
(2) Appeal against removal
(3) Effect of order
83 Advertising prohibited
84 (1) No passing zones
(2) One-way roadways
85 Compliance with traffic control devices
TRAFFIC AUTHORITIES' JURISDICTION RE CONDITIONS OF USE OF HIGHWAYS
86 (1) Changes in use of highways and structures when the minister is the traffic authority
(2) Who the minister's delegate may be
(3) Order must state effective period
(4) Statutes and Regulations Act does not apply
(5) Publication of orders
(6) When orders come into force
(7) Publication constitutes notice of order
(8) Regulations by the minister
(9) Changes re use of other highways and structures
(10) Action by municipal and other traffic authorities
(11) Resolution must state effective period
(12) By-law increasing allowable weight
(13) Traffic board must approve by-law
(14) Resolution or by-law affecting provincial highway
(15) Regulations, orders, by-laws and resolutions may be general or particular
(16) Signage
(17) Barricades
(18) Offence: excess weight less than 2,000 kg
(19) Offence: excess weight of 2,000 kg or more
(20) Penalty for excess weight
(21) Calculating fine based on excess weight
(22) Penalty re other contraventions
(23) Vehicles driven or towed under permit
(24) Vicarious responsibility
INSPECTION STATIONS
86.1 (1) Highway traffic inspection stations
(2) Trucks required to stop
(3) When trucks not required to stop
(4) Co-operation by driver
VEHICLES UNDER PERMIT
87 (1) Permits to move certain vehicles and property
(1.1) Meaning of "owner" for permit purposes
(2) Conditions on permits
(2.1) Cancellation of permit
(2.2) Notice of cancellation
(2.3) Section 276 not to apply
(3) Peace officer's demand re permit
(4) Detention and removal of vehicles and property
(5) Actions for damages prohibited
(6) Limited permits
(7) Permit charges
(8) Repealed
TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNALS
88 (1) Compliance with traffic control signals
(1.1) Exception for separate signal assembly for left turn
(2) Crossing in crosswalks
(3) Green traffic control light at intersections
(4) Green traffic control light not at intersections
(5) Yellow traffic control light or arrow at intersection
(6) Yellow traffic control light not at a controlled intersection
(7) Red traffic control light at intersection
(7.1) Completing left turn on red
(8) Red traffic control light not at intersection
(9) Green arrow or green arrow with red light
(10) Red flashing traffic control light at intersection