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S.M. 2009, c. 6
Bill 5, 3rd Session, 39th Legislature
The Highway Traffic Amendment Act (Promoting Safer and Healthier Conditions in Motor Vehicles)
(Assented to June 11, 2009)
HER MAJESTY, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba, enacts as follows:
1 The Highway Traffic Act is amended by this Act.
2 The following is added after section 186:
186.1(1) No person shall smoke tobacco or have lighted tobacco in a motor vehicle while another person who is younger than 16 years of age is in the vehicle.
186.1(2) No person who is younger than 16 years of age shall smoke tobacco or have lighted tobacco in a motor vehicle. This subsection applies even if the person is alone in the vehicle and regardless of the age of any other person in the vehicle.
186.1(3) Subsections (1) and (2) apply in respect of a motor vehicle even if its top or a window, sunroof, door or other feature of the vehicle is open.
186.1(4) A person who contravenes subsection (1) or (2) is guilty of an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine of not more than $1,000.
3 The following is added after section 215:
215.1(1) The following definitions apply in this section.
"hand-operated electronic device" means
(a) a cellular telephone;
(b) another electronic device that
(i) includes a telephone function, and
(ii) normally is held in the user's hand during use or requires the user to use his or her hand to operate any of its functions;
(c) an electronic device that is not otherwise described in clause (a) or (b) but that
(i) is capable of transmitting or receiving e-mail or other text-based messages, and
(ii) normally is held in the user's hand during use or requires the user to use his or her hand to operate any of its functions; or
(d) any other electronic device that is prescribed as a hand-operated electronic device by the regulations. (« appareil électronique à commande manuelle »)
"use", in relation to a hand-operated electronic device, means any of the following actions:
(a) holding the device in a position in which it may be used;
(b) operating any of the device's functions;
(c) communicating by means of the device with another person or another device, by spoken word or otherwise;
(d) looking at the device's display; and
(e) taking any other action with or in relation to the device that is prescribed by the regulations. (« utiliser »)
215.1(2) No person shall use a hand-operated electronic device while driving a vehicle on a highway unless,
(a) before using the device by hand, the person safely drives the vehicle off the roadway and keeps the vehicle stationary while using the device; or
(b) the device
(i) is a cellular telephone or another electronic device that includes a telephone function, and
(ii) is configured and equipped to allow hands-free use as a telephone and is used in a hands-free manner.
215.1(3) As an exception to subsection (2), a person may use a hand-operated electronic device by hand to call or send a message to a police force, fire department or ambulance service about an emergency.
215.1(4) Subsection (2) does not apply to any of the following persons in relation to the use of a hand-operated electronic device in carrying out his or her duties:
(a) a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Force or another police officer, police constable or constable;
(b) a firefighter employed by a fire department;
(c) an ambulance operator as defined in section 1 of The Emergency Medical Response and Stretcher Transportation Act.
215.1(5) Subsection (2) does not apply to the use of
(a) a radio apparatus, as defined in section 2 of the Radiocommunication Act (Canada), that
(i) is operated under the authority of a radio operator certificate issued under that Act,
(ii) must, in order for its operator to communicate with another person, transmit radio signals to another radio apparatus that is operated under the authority of a radio licence issued under that Act, other than a radio licence issued to a cellular telephone network provider, or
(iii) is the type of radio apparatus commonly known as citizen's band radio or family band radio; or
(b) a mobile data terminal that
(i) is used for dispatch or other business-related communications in a vehicle used for business purposes, and
(ii) is not held in the driver's hand when the vehicle is moving.
215.1(6) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations
(a) for the purposes of the definition "hand-operated electronic device" in subsection (1), prescribing other devices as hand-operated electronic devices;
(b) for the purposes of the definition "use" in subsection (1), prescribing other actions that, when done with or in relation to a hand-operated electronic device, constitute using it;
(c) respecting the exemption, with or without conditions, of certain classes or types of devices or vehicles, or certain classes of persons, from the operation of a provision of this section;
(d) respecting any matter the Lieutenant Governor in Council considers necessary or advisable to carry out the purposes of this section.
4 This Act comes into force on a day to be fixed by proclamation.