2nd Session, 42nd Legislature
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THE CLIMATE AND GREEN PLAN AMENDMENT ACT (IMPROVED CLIMATE CHANGE TARGETS AND ENHANCED MINISTERIAL ACCOUNTABILITY)
|Bilingual version (PDF)||Explanatory Note|
(Assented to )
HER MAJESTY, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba, enacts as follows:
1 The Climate and Green Plan Act is amended by this Act.
2 The preamble is amended by adding the following after the first paragraph:
AND WHEREAS measures for addressing climate change should be based on internationally accepted scientific findings, such as those of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change;
AND WHEREAS these findings indicate that holding the increase in the global average temperature to below 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels is necessary to prevent dangerous climate change;
AND WHEREAS the global average temperature has increased nearly one degree Celsius above pre-industrial levels;
3 Section 1 is amended
(a) in the definition "minister", by adding ", except in sections 1.2 to 1.4," before "means the minister";
(b) by repealing the definition "carbon savings account"; and
(c) by adding the following definitions:
"annual total emissions" means the total amount of emissions in a year measured in carbon dioxide equivalent tonnes, after taking into account any emissions offsets obtained in that year. (« émissions annuelles totales »)
"carbon dioxide equivalent" means the mass of carbon dioxide that would produce the same global warming impact as a given mass of another greenhouse gas, as determined in accordance with the regulations. (« équivalent CO2 »)
4 The following is added after section 1 and before the centred heading that follows it:
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS
1.1(1) The following targets are established for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in Manitoba:
(a) by 2030 and for each year after that until 2049, the annual total emissions in Manitoba must be at least 45% less than the annual total emissions in Manitoba in 2010;
(b) by 2050 and for each year after that, the annual total emissions in Manitoba must be zero.
1.1(2) The minister must review the targets established in this section at least once every three years and, after each review, may recommend to the Lieutenant Governor in Council that the emissions reduction targets be increased.
1.1(3) In reviewing the targets, the minister must take into account
(a) the most recent internationally accepted scientific findings on climate change, including those of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change;
(b) the advice and recommendations of the council; and
(c) input from the public.
1.1(4) On the recommendation of the minister, the Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations increasing the emissions reduction targets established in this section.
1.1(5) For 2023, 2026 and every third year after that, the minister must prepare a report on the review carried out under this section.
1.1(6) The report must be completed no later than six months after the three-year review to which the report relates.
1.1(7) The minister must make the report public within one month after completing it.
1.2 The following definitions apply in this section and sections 1.3 and 1.4.
"minister" means the President of the Executive Council and any member of the Executive Council who is appointed to preside over one or more departments and, for the purpose of subsection 1.3(2), includes
(a) a former minister; and
(b) the heirs and legal representatives of a minister or former minister. (« ministre »)
"ministerial salary" means the additional salary otherwise payable to a minister under The Legislative Assembly Act for services as a member of the Executive Council. (« traitement supplémentaire »)
"reporting period" means each year covered by the annual report prepared under subsection 5(1). (« période de déclaration »)
1.3(1) Commencing on a minister's first anniversary in office that occurs in 2021 or after, and for each subsequent anniversary, 20% of each minister's ministerial salary must be withheld and paid into a separate withholding account within the Consolidated Fund.
1.3(2) On the day an annual report is tabled under subsection 5(7), the amount in the withholding account must
(a) be paid out to the minister if the report shows that the emissions reduction target in clause 1.1(1)(a) has been met or exceeded in the reporting period that applies; or
(b) continue to be held in the withholding account if the target has not been met.
1.3(3) For the purpose of this section, a minister who is appointed after a change in government is deemed to be serving in office as a minister for the first time.
1.4 Section 1.3 applies, with necessary changes, in respect of each reporting period commencing in 2030 and after except that
(a) the emissions reduction target for each of those periods is the target in clause 1.1(1)(b); and
(b) the amount of the ministerial salary to be withheld and paid into the withholding account is
(i) 40% if the emissions reduction target established in clause 1.1(1)(a) has not been met or exceeded at the beginning of the applicable reporting period, or
5(1) Subsection 2(1) is amended by replacing everything before clause (b) with the following:
2(1) The minister must develop a plan with a comprehensive framework of programs, policies and measures designed to
(a) achieve the targets established in section 1.1;
(a.1) prevent dangerous climate change;
5(2) The following is added after subsection 2(1):
2(1.1) The climate and green plan must establish an interim target and a long-term target for reducing annual total emissions for each of the following sectors of economic activity:
(c) industrial processes and product use;
(e) the government departments and the government agencies and entities prescribed for the purpose of section 10;
(f) any other sector specified in the regulations.
2(1.2) As long as the climate and green plan as a whole is designed to achieve the targets established in section 1.1, the targets established for an individual sector may differ from those targets.
5(3) Subsection 2(3) is replaced with the following:
2(3) The minister must review and revise the programs, policies and measures in the climate and green plan each year to ensure that they are achieving their designed objectives.
6 The centred heading before section 3 and sections 3 and 4 are repealed.
7(1) Subsection 5(1) is replaced with the following:
5(1) By April 30 of each year, the minister must prepare an annual report on the programs, policies and measures employed in the preceding year to implement the climate and green plan.
7(2) Subsection 5(2) is amended in the section heading and in the subsection by striking out "greenhouse gas emissions" and substituting "annual total emissions".
7(3) Subsection 5(3) is replaced with the following:
5(3) The annual report must set out
(a) the emissions reduction targets for the province and for each sector; and
7(4) The following is added after subsection 5(7):
5(8) The minister must make the annual report available to the public as soon as reasonably practicable after it is tabled, by posting it on a government website and by any other means the minister considers advisable.
8 Section 6 is repealed.
9(1) Subsection 8(1) is replaced with the following:
8(1) The council is to
(a) provide advice and recommendations to the minister on increasing the emissions reduction targets established in section 1.1;
(b) provide advice and recommendations to the minister on programs, policies and measures to be included in the climate and green plan, including sector-specific targets established under subsection 2(1.1); and
9(2) Subsection 8(2) is repealed.
9(3) The following is added as subsection 8(3):
8(3) The minister must meet with the council at least six times each year.
10 Section 12 is amended by adding the following after clause (a):
(a.1) respecting the manner in which greenhouse gas emissions are to be determined as a carbon dioxide equivalent;
(a.2) specifying sectors of economic activity for the purpose of subsection 2(1.1);
11 This Act comes into force on the day it receives royal assent.