Skip to main content
The Highway Traffic Act

C.C.S.M. c. H60

The Highway Traffic Act

DEFINITIONS AND INTERPRETATION
1 (1) Definitions
(2) Interpretation
(3) Repealed
(4) Interpretation re certain provisions requiring driving on the right
(5) Interpretation re certain provisions requiring driving on the left
APPLICATION OF ACT
2 (1) Repealed
(2) Repealed
(3) Separate roadways
(4) Repealed
(5) and (6) Repealed
3 References to Criminal Code
4 Effect of invalidity
PART I
REGISTRATION OF VEHICLES
4.1 When certain tractors are motor vehicles
REQUIREMENT TO REGISTER CERTAIN VEHICLES AND DISPLAY NUMBER PLATES
4.2 (1) Registration and plating of vehicles
(2) to (11) Repealed
RECIPROCAL AGREEMENTS AND ARRANGEMENTS
4.3 (1) Reciprocal agreements
(2) Restrictions on exemptions
(3) Agreements re registration and apportioning fees
(4) Restrictions on exemptions
(5) Cancellation
(6) Definition of "state"
(7) Transition
4.4 to 4.20 Repealed
USE OF REGISTRATION CARDS
4.21 (1) Production of registration card to peace officer
(2) Exception for repairers
4.22 to 4.24 Repealed
VISIBILITY OF NUMBER PLATES
4.25 (1) Repealed
(1.1) Obstruction of number plate
(2) Effect of towing trailer or other vehicle
(3) When a number plate must be displayed
4.26 to 4.31 Repealed
5 Repealed
6 to 18 Repealed
PART I.1
REQUIREMENT TO REPORT SUSPICIOUS VEHICLE
19 to 21.10 Repealed
DUTY TO REPORT DEFACED IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS AND UNCLAIMED OR DAMAGED VEHICLES
21.11 (1) Definition of "motor vehicle"
(2) Report of defaced identification number
(3) Reports of vehicles stored in suspicious circumstances
(4) Nature of report
OFFENCES AND EVIDENCE
21.12 (1) Offence and penalty
(2) Directors and officers of corporations
(3) Limitation period
(4) Liability for employee or agent
21.13 Repealed
RENTING MOTOR VEHICLES
22 Record of motor vehicles rented
23 (1) Municipal licence for liveries, etc.
(2) Regulation of livery and taxicab business
(3) Undertakings by insurers
PART II
LICENCE REQUIREMENTS FOR HIGHWAY DRIVING
24 (1) Driver's licence required to drive motor vehicle
(1.1) Licence required to operate tractors, etc.
(1.2) Exception for out-of-province driving permits
(2) to (5) Repealed
(6) Repealed
(7) Repealed
(8) Repealed
(9) Repealed
(10) to (12) Repealed
(13) Repealed
25 Repealed
26 Repealed
NOVICE DRIVERS
26.1 (1) Regulations
(2) Application of regulations
(3) Offence and penalty
(4) Saving
(5) Defence of novice driver to charge re supervising driver's qualifications
26.2 Repealed
26.3 Zero BAC level: novice drivers
26.4 (1) Restrictions at learner stage for class 5 vehicles
(2) Restrictions at intermediate stage for class 5 vehicles
27 to 30 Repealed
31 (1) Repealed
(2) Examination before issue of licence
(3) Exemption from examination
(4) Registrar may issue licence
(5) Refusal to issue without examination
(6) Further examination, interview or course required
(6.1) Failure to comply
(7) Temporary licence
(8) Particulars of examination
(9) Repealed
(10) Repealed
(11) Exemption from driving test for certain employees
(12) Issue of lower class of licences
(13)
(14) Repealed
RECIPROCAL AGREEMENTS AND ARRANGEMENTS
31.1 (1) Arrangements and agreements recognizing foreign drivers' licences
(2) Cancellation of arrangement or agreement
32 to 34 Repealed
PART III
EQUIPMENT DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT OF VEHICLES
MINIMUM LIGHTING EQUIPMENT REQUIRED
34.1 Application of s. 35 to 37 to agricultural equipment
35 (1) Lighting equipment of vehicles
(2) Strength of lamps
(3) Strength of headlamps
(4) Headlamps to comply with regulations, etc.
(5) Strength of certain rear lamps
(6) Strength of "stop" lamps
(7) Lamp equipment on special mobile machines
(8) Lamps and reflectors on other vehicles
(9) Size of reflectors
(10) Application of clause (1)(c)
(11) When lamps required to be lighted
(11.1) Exemption for peace officers
(12) Lamps to be lighted during operation
(13) Responsibility of owners
(14) Lamps on towed equipment
(15) Warning lighting on repair and escort motor vehicles
(15.1) When warning lighting must be illuminated
(16) Lamps on special mobile vehicles
(17) Lamps on special government or municipal vehicles
(18) Beacons on farm trucks
36 (1) Lighting equipment on newer type of vehicles
(2) Beam indicator
(3) Intensity of headlamp of moped or mobility vehicle
MAXIMUM LIGHTING EQUIPMENT PERMITTED
37 (1) Parking lamps
(2) Alternative lamps
(3) Strength of lamps under subsec. (2)
(4) Ditch lamp
(5) Turning signal lamps
(6) Special permits
(7) Special lighting for construction and repair vehicles
(8) School bus lighting systems
(9) When school bus lamp should not be lighted
(10) "Back-up" lamps
(11) Fog lamps
(12) Use of fog lamps
(13) Flashing emergency lamps
(14) When emergency lamps may be operated
LIGHTING EQUIPMENT PROHIBITED
38 (1) Prohibited lamps
(2) White lights on rear
(3) to 38(5) Repealed
LIGHTING EQUIPMENT ON EMERGENCY VEHICLES
38.1 (1) Vehicles used by police forces
(2) Vehicles used by fire departments etc.
(3) Vehicle used by an ambulance service
(4) Lamp on roof of vehicle not ordinarily used for emergency purposes
(5) Lamp on dash of vehicle not ordinarily used for emergency purposes
(6) Lamp to be covered except during emergency response
(7) Certain utility vehicles
38.2 Spot or flood lamps permitted
OTHER PROVISIONS RESPECTING LIGHTING EQUIPMENT
39 (1) Compliance with conditions on permits
(2) Saving cl. re sec. 36
(3) Offence
40 (1) Procedure where lamps defective
(2) Position of flares, etc.
(3) Flares, etc., to be carried by p.s.v.'s and trucks
BRAKING EQUIPMENT
41 (1) Brakes on motor vehicles
(2) Brakes on trailers
(3) Exemption for certain mounted sheds
(4) Exemption for certain farm trailers
(5) Application of brakes
(6) Separate application of brakes
(7) Front and rear brakes required
(8) Power of brakes
(9) Air brake system to be in accordance with regulations
(10) Exception for older vehicles
MIRROR EQUIPMENT
42 (1) Mirror equipment
(2) Rear view mirrors on trolley buses
TIRE EQUIPMENT
43 (1) Tires
(2) Solid rubber tires
(3) Restrictions on protuberances on tires
(4) Regulations as to safety studs on tires
(5) Authority to use safety studs
WARNING DEVICE
44 (1) Horn, and use thereof
(2) Sirens
(3) Exception
45 (1) Mufflers required
(2) Cut-out not permitted
SPEEDOMETER
46 (1) Speedometers required
(2) Odometer required
(3) Tampering with odometer
47 (1) Speedometer testers
(2) Effective tester's certificate
(3) Testing speedometer by other means
(4) Effect of certificate by peace officer
SPLASHGUARDS OR FENDERS
48 Splashguards required
BUMPERS
49 (1) Bumpers required
(2) Standards of bumpers
(3) Offence and penalty
(4) Definitions
PROPELLOR GUARDS ON SNOWMOBILES
50 Propellor guards required
51 (1) Motorcycle handlebars
(2) Front fork
(3) Frame
GLASS IN WINDOWS
52 (1) Application and definitions
(2) Requirement for safety glass
(3) Requirement as to new glass
53 Windshields
54 (1) Spray tints on windshields prohibited
(2) Exception
NAME ON MOTOR VEHICLES
55 (1) Names required on truck
(2) Application of subsection (1)
PARTITIONS IN LIVESTOCK TRUCKS
56 Transportation of livestock
OBSTRUCTION OF VIEW
57 (1) Windshield wipers required
(2) Frost shields required
(3) Clear view for driver required
(4) Windshield washers
58 Permit for certain obstructions of view
EQUIPMENT, GENERAL PROVISIONS
59 (1) Standards required for equipment
(2) Changing suspension system
(3) Exception to subsection (2)
60 Equipment in good order
PROJECTIONS FROM VEHICLES
61 (1) Repealed
(2) Securing of loads on motor vehicles and trailers
(3) Where load not required to be covered
(4) Regulations for securing loads
(5) Loading of cordwood
(6) Cordwood loads to be properly secured
(7) Fastening of tail-gate
TRAILER CONNECTIONS
62 (1) Requirements as to towing
(2) Connections and equipment of second trailer
(3) Where cl. (1)(c) not applicable
TOWING AND PUSHING
63 (1) Towing of motor vehicles
(2) Distance between vehicle towed and towing vehicle
64 (1) Pushing of motor vehicles in urban areas
(2) Exception for vehicle with disabled engine
INSPECTION OF EQUIPMENT
65 (1) Inspection by peace officer
(2) Co-operation by driver
66 (1) Removal of unsafe vehicle on order of peace officer
(2) Removal by peace officer of unsafe vehicle
67 Repealed
WEIGHT RESTRICTIONS
68 (1) Definitions
(2) Vicarious responsibility
(3) Regulations
(3.1) Validation
(3.2) Delegation of power under subsection (3)
(3.3) Variation of permissible weights and highway classifications by minister
(3.4) Who the minister's delegate may be
(3.5) Order must state effective period
(3.6) Statutes and Regulations Act does not apply
(3.7) Publication of orders
(3.8) When orders come into force
(3.9) Publication constitutes notice of order
(3.10) Regulations and orders may be general or particular
(3.11) Precedence of orders under subsection (3.2) or (3.3)
(4) Breach of weights and dimensions regulations
(4.1) Contravention of an order
(5) and (6) Repealed
(7) Classification by other traffic authorities
(8) Repealed
(9) Repealed
(10) Repealed
(11) Signage
(12) Former class B highways reclassified
(13) Offence: excess weight less than 2,000 kg
(13.1) Offence: excess weight of 2,000 kg or more
(13.2) Penalty for excess weight
(14) Calculation of overweight
(15) Repealed
(16) Application of section 86
69 (1) Tractors on bridges and culverts
(2) Surface of bridge to be protected when tractors crossing
70 Liability for damage by overweight motor vehicles
71 (1) Prohibition of certain classes of vehicles
(2) Repealed
72 (1) Weighing of vehicles on order of peace officer
(2) Evidence of weight ascertained by portable scale
(3) Alternative weighing
(4) Limitation on certificate under subsection (2)
(5) Prohibition against dumping in transit
(6) Orders to unload vehicle
(7) Removal of goods unloaded
(8) Sale of goods unloaded
(9) Detention of vehicle temporarily
(10) Compliance with orders of peace officer
(11) Actions for damages prohibited
(12) Repealed
73 (1) Appointment of testers
(2) Effect of certificate of tester
PART IV
CONTROL OF TRAFFIC, SPEED, RULES OF THE ROAD, BICYCLES
DIVISION I
CONTROL OF TRAFFIC
74 (1) Application of Part
(2) Situs of maintenance vehicles
75 Duty of caution
CONTROL OF TRAFFIC BY PEACE OFFICERS AND OTHERS
76 (1) Peace officer or firefighter may direct traffic
(2) When powers in subsection (1) may be exercised
(3) Obeying peace officer's or firefighter's directions
(4) Obedience overrides certain traffic violations
(5) Firefighter's authority subordinate to police officer
76.1 (1) Peace officer may stop vehicles
(2) Offence and penalty
(3) Additional penalty
(4) Peace officer's authority — driver information
(5) Peace officer's authority — passenger information
(6) No right to counsel
(7) Peace officer's authority unaffected
76.2 (1) Peace officer may conduct field sobriety test
(2) Driver must go through field sobriety test
(3) Regulations respecting field sobriety tests
CONTROL OF TRAFFIC BY TRAFFIC AUTHORITIES
77 (1) Erection of traffic control devices
(2) Restricted speed area sign for Winnipeg
(3) Signs on designated highways
(4) Signs in restricted speed areas
(5) Signs affecting speed in back lanes
(6) Fixing of lower rate of speed by traffic authority
(7) to (9) Repealed
(10) Definition of "flagman"
(11) Observance of flagman's directions
77.1 (1) Definitions relating to safety in designated construction zones
(2) Required signage for designated construction zones
(3) Responsibility for required signage
(4) Additional signage for designated construction zones
(5) Maximum permitted speed in a designated construction zone
(6) How maximum permitted speed is established
(7) When maximum permitted speed applies
(8) Requiring alteration or removal of traffic control devices
(9) Regulations
(10) Application of regulations
78 Repealed
79 (1) Erection of "stop" or "arrêt" signs
(2) Illumination of "stop" or "arrêt" signs
(3) Traffic control devices to prohibit standing, etc.
(4) Erection of traffic control signals
(5) Erection of other traffic control devices
(6) Temporary traffic control devices
(7) Four-way stops
PRESUMPTIONS
80 Presumption of proper erection of traffic control devices
TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES
81 (1) Approval of traffic control devices
(2) Exception for certain devices re school zones
(3) Exception for certain devices re construction zones
82 (1) Imitative devices prohibited
(2) Appeal against removal
(3) Effect of order
83 Advertising prohibited
84 (1) No passing zones
(2) One-way roadways
85 Compliance with traffic control devices
TRAFFIC AUTHORITIES' JURISDICTION RE CONDITIONS OF USE OF HIGHWAYS
86 (1) Changes in use of highways and structures when the minister is the traffic authority
(2) Who the minister's delegate may be
(3) Order must state effective period
(4) Statutes and Regulations Act does not apply
(5) Publication of orders
(6) When orders come into force
(7) Publication constitutes notice of order
(8) Regulations by the minister
(9) Changes re use of other highways and structures
(10) Action by municipal and other traffic authorities
(11) Resolution must state effective period
(12) By-law increasing allowable weight
(13) Traffic board must approve by-law
(14) Resolution or by-law affecting provincial highway
(15) Regulations, orders, by-laws and resolutions may be general or particular
(16) Signage
(17) Barricades
(18) Offence: excess weight less than 2,000 kg
(19) Offence: excess weight of 2,000 kg or more
(20) Penalty for excess weight
(21) Calculating fine based on excess weight
(22) Penalty re other contraventions
(23) Vehicles driven or towed under permit
(24) Vicarious responsibility
INSPECTION STATIONS
86.1 (1) Highway traffic inspection stations
(2) Trucks required to stop
(3) When trucks not required to stop
(4) Co-operation by driver
VEHICLES UNDER PERMIT
87 (1) Permits to move certain vehicles and property
(1.1) Meaning of "owner" for permit purposes
(2) Conditions on permits
(2.1) Cancellation of permit
(2.2) Notice of cancellation
(2.3) Section 276 not to apply
(3) Peace officer's demand re permit
(4) Detention and removal of vehicles and property
(5) Actions for damages prohibited
(6) Limited permits
(7) Permit charges
(8) Repealed
TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNALS
88 (1) Compliance with traffic control signals
(1.1) Exception for separate signal assembly for left turn
(2) Crossing in crosswalks
(3) Green traffic control light at intersections
(4) Green traffic control light not at intersections
(5) Yellow traffic control light or arrow at intersection
(6) Yellow traffic control light not at a controlled intersection
(7) Red traffic control light at intersection
(7.1) Completing left turn on red
(8) Red traffic control light not at intersection
(9) Green arrow or green arrow with red light
(10) Red flashing traffic control light at intersection
(11) Red flashing traffic control light not at intersection
(12) Yellow flashing traffic control light at an intersection
(13) Yellow flashing traffic control light not at intersection
(14) Action of pedestrian when "walk" or "traversez" is shown
(15) "Wait" or "attendez", etc., pedestrian control signal
(16) Right turn on red light
(17) Flashing green arrow
(18) Entering or crossing intersections with traffic control lights
(19) Left turn on red light
(20) Red traffic control light with transit priority signal
BY MUNICIPAL AUTHORITY
89 Certain municipal by-laws respecting motor vehicles prohibited
90 (1) Making of certain rules and by-laws by traffic authorities
(2) Penalty to be imposed by by-law
(3) Rules affecting provincial highways
(4) Withdrawal of approval
(5) Notice of rules
(6) Nature of traffic control device
(7) Compliance with rules
(8) Supplementary rules
(9) Powers of minister
(10) Repealed
(11) Permit to hold parades, motorcades etc., on provincial highways
(12) Permit may be subject to terms and conditions
91 Safety zones
92 Repealed
93 (1) Municipal by-laws prohibiting standing, etc.
(2) Residential parking permits
REWARDS
94 (1) Rewards for apprehending persons stealing motor vehicles
(2) Amount of reward
DIVISION II
SPEED RESTRICTIONS
GENERAL PROVISIONS
95 (1) Speed limit in particular cases
(1.1) Meaning of "designated construction zone" in subsection (1)
(1.2) Maximum permitted speed in a designated construction zone
(2) Where passing other vehicles prohibited
(3) Reasonable and prudent speed
96 (1) Speed on service road
(2) Meaning of "service road"
RESTRICTED OR INCREASED SPEED AREAS
97 (1) Designation of restricted speed areas
(2) Limitation to parts of year
(3) Exclusion of certain areas
(4) Existing restricted speed areas continued
(5) Copies of orders to traffic authorities
98 (1) Order permitting higher speed limit
(2) Lower rate of speed
(3) Expiration of order
(4) Copies of orders to traffic authorities
(5) Compliance with orders
(6) Modified speed zones
(7) Speed limit in modified speed zones
(8) Copies of orders to traffic authorities
98.1 (1) Speed limits in school zones
(2) Designating school zones
(3) Complying with school zone speed limit
(4) Regulations about school zones
(5) Application of regulations
(6) Precedence of maximum speeds established under this section
(7) Meaning of "traffic authority"
99 Determination of speed on guilty pleas
100 (1) Orders fixing minimum speed
(2) Copies of orders to traffic authorities
(3) Erection of traffic control devices
(4) Order of peace officer directing increased speed
101 Regulations to decrease maximum speed
102 Compliance with orders
MUNICIPAL JURISDICTION AS TO SPEED
103 (1) Speed fixed by by-law
(2) Limitation on speed fixed
(3) Approval of traffic board
(4) By-law to be approved by traffic board
(5) Jurisdiction of traffic board where no municipality
(6) Speed to be expressed in kilometres per hour
104 (1) Speed limit in parks
(2) Copies of orders to ministers
(3) Effect of subsection (1)
105 (1) Limitation of speed on bridges
(2) By-laws by two municipalities
(3) Approval of traffic board
(4) Notices respecting speed limits
(5) Posting of other speed limits
(6) Size of notices
(7) Regulations by minister
EMERGENCY VEHICLES
106 (1) Operation of emergency vehicles
(2) Requirements respecting emergency vehicles
(3) Application of subsection (2)
(4) Safety requirements
(5) and (6) Repealed
(7) Prohibitions re use of sirens and emergency lighting
(7.1) Exception to subsection (7)
(8) Obligation of emergency motor vehicle drivers
107 Testing speedometers
DIVISION III
RULES OF THE ROAD
DRIVING ON RIGHT SIDE OF ROADWAY OVERTAKING, PASSING, ETC.
108 (1) Compliance with traffic control devices
(2) Change in position of dividing lines
(3) Compliance with overhead lane direction signals
(4) Compliance with overhead lane direction signals
109 (1) Prohibition as to driving left of dividing line, and exceptions
(2) Slow vehicles to keep to right
(3) Application of subsection (2)
(4) Driving around rotary traffic island
109.1 (1) Definitions
(2) Approaching an emergency or designated vehicle
(2.1) Basic safety precautions and maximum speed
(3) Two or more lanes of traffic in same direction
(4) Exception — vehicles on opposite sides of divided highway
110 Rules re driving on laned roadways
111 Rules for riding a moped or mobility vehicle
112 (1) Keeping to right when meeting
(2) Yielding half of roadway
(3) Passing on very narrow roadways
(4) Slow driver to proceed in right hand lane
(5) Non-application of subsection (4)
113 (1) Use of lights
(2) Low beam when following close
114 (1) Rules when overtaking
(2) Rules when being overtaken
115 (1) Overtaking on right prohibited with exceptions
(2) Where no exceptions
116 (1) No driving to left unless clear view
(2) Safety requirements
(3) Driving to left absolutely prohibited
(4) Where clause (3)(c) not applicable
117 (1) Following too closely prohibited
(2) Distance required between certain vehicles
(3) Space between vehicles in motorcade
(4) Vehicles in funeral processions
(5) Funeral processions
118 Following fire apparatus too closely
119 Driving over fire hoses
120 Certain exceptions for trolley buses
TURNING, STARTING, AND SIGNALS
121 (1) Turning at intersections
(2) Turning right
(3) Turning left
(4) Certain left turns from one-way roadway
(5) Turning left from two-way roadway
(6) Left turn from one-way roadway to another one-way roadway
(7) Turning required by traffic control device
(8) Safety requirement
STOPPING, STANDING, OR PARKING
122 (1) Where stopping, standing, parking prohibited
(1.1) When parking permitted in intersection, crosswalk etc.
(1.2) Definition
(1.3) Parking distance from rail crossing
(1.4) By-laws affecting provincial highways
(1.5) Withdrawal of approval
(2) Parking other vehicles
123 (1) Parking on right required
(2) Parking on one-way roadways
(3) Parking on divided highways
124 (1) Moving parked vehicles
(2) Duty before moving, turning, etc.
PHYSICALLY DISABLED PERSONS PARKING
124.1 Definitions
124.2 (1) Disabled persons parking on the left
(2) Application of subsection (1)
124.3 (1) Permit issuance
(2) Delegation of authority to issue permits
(3) Charge for permit issued by delegate
(4) Permit issued by another jurisdiction
(5) Transitional
124.4 Authorized use
124.5 Unauthorized use
124.6 (1) Permit cancellation
(2) Return of cancelled permit
(3) Appeals
124.7 (1) Permit inspection and surrender
(2) Permit retained by peace officer
(3) Notification of retention of permit
124.8 Entry on private land
124.9 Regulations
SIGNALS
125 (1) Giving of signals generally
(2) Giving of signals where hand signals not visible
126 (1) Hand signals
(2) Right turns — bicycles and power-assisted bicycles
127 (1) Signals required for sudden stops
(2) Giving of appropriate signal for safe movement
(3) Continuous signals
RIGHT-OF-WAY
128 General right-of-way rule
129 Right-of-way on left turn
130 Right-of-way after a required stop
131 (1) Right-of-way in restricted speed areas
(2) Right-of-way when entering highway
(3) Stopping or entering provincial highways
(4) Proceeding when safe
132 Emergency vehicles to have right-of-way
133 (1) Right-of-way at "Yield" or "Cédez le passage" signs
(2) Stopping at "Yield" or "Cédez le passage" signs
SPECIAL STOPS
134 (1) Definitions
(2) Stopping at railway crossings
(3) Stopping at uncontrolled railway crossings
(4) Additional requirements for particular vehicles
(5) Required stopping distances — certain buses and trucks
(5.1) Required stopping distances — school buses
(6) Proceeding across a railway crossing
(7) Proceeding when train is stopped
135 Changing gear while crossing track prohibited
135.1 Stopping vehicle within railway crossing prohibited
136 (1) Stopping when required by traffic control device
(2) Stops at divided highway
SCHOOL BUSES
137 (1) Lamps on school bus
(2) Signs on school buses
(3) Limitation on operation of school bus
(4) Bus signals where school bus is stopped
(5) Motor vehicles approaching stopped school bus displaying signals
(6) School buses on divided highways
PEDESTRIANS' RIGHTS AND DUTIES
138 Compliance by pedestrians with signals
139 (1) Right-of-way of pedestrian
(2) Pedestrian to observe safety measures
(3) Passing vehicle stopped for pedestrian prohibited
(4) Repealed
140 (1) Where pedestrians yield right-of-way
(2) Duty not to obstruct traffic
141 (1) Pedestrian corridor, duties of driver
(2) When vehicle stopped at pedestrian corridor
(3) Passing vehicles in vicinity of pedestrian corridor
(4) Duties of pedestrian
(5) Parking prohibited
(6) Repealed
(7) By-laws revoked
(8) Where road markings not visible
142 Driver to exercise care
143 (1) Use of sidewalks required
(2) Keeping left and walking two abreast
144 Enforcement of compliance with by-laws by pedestrians
DIVISION IV
BICYCLES, POWER-ASSISTED BICYCLES AND RECREATIONAL EQUIPMENT
145 (1) General rules: bicycles and power-assisted bicycles
(2) Minimum operator age: power-assisted bicycles
(3) Owner must not allow underage operator
(4) Helmet required: power-assisted bicycles
(5) Operating in accordance with regulations
(6) Operating in single file
(7) Exception to subsection (6)
(8) Bicycles on sidewalks
(9) Exception to subsection (8)
145.0.1 (1) Cyclists and passengers under 18 must wear helmets
(2) Parents' and guardians' responsibility re children
(3) Driver's responsibility re child passengers
(4) Exception for private property
(5) Offence and penalty
(6) Children under age 14 not subject to penalty
(7) Alternative disposition for first offence
(8) Peace officer to give notice of alternative disposition
(9) Regulations
(10) Application of regulations
145.1 (1) Attachment to moving vehicles prohibited
(2) Attaching persons to moving vehicles prohibited
(3) Illegal towing by vehicles
146 (1) Riding on a vehicle other than in a seating position
(2) Riding on trailer prohibited
(3) Driver must not drive with passenger in trailer or not in a seating position
(4) Regulations
147 (1) Prohibition: too many riders
(2) Exception to application of subsection (1)
(3) Carrying large objects forbidden
148 Repealed
149 (1) Lamps and reflectors on bicycles and power-assisted bicycles
(2) Type of lamps and reflectors required
(3) Limitation on application of subsection (1)
150 (1) Other required equipment
(2) Inspection
(3) Operator must comply
(4) Duty of operator to provide assistance
(5) Prohibited highways and bicycle facilities
151 (1) Defacing identification marks on bicycles prohibited
(2) Prohibition of sale of bicycles bearing identification defaced
(3) Impoundment of bicycles having defaced identification marks
(4) Confiscation of bicycle
(5) Order for payment of cost to owner of confiscated bicycle
(6) Order for payment
(7) Disposal of other matters
(8) Sale of confiscated bicycle
(9) Marking of confiscated bicycle for identification
(10) Complementary by-laws
152 (1) Returns by second-hand bicycle dealers
(2) Form and contents of return
(3) Repealed
PART V
ACCIDENTS
153 (1) Onus on owner or driver
(2) Limitation of subsection (1)
(3) Certain drivers deemed agents of owner
DAMAGES
154 Penalties not a bar to damages
ACCIDENT REPORTS
155 (1) Meaning of "accident"
(2) Accident reports by drivers
(3) Information to be given
(4) Report to a peace officer at accident scene
(5) Requirement to stop vehicle
(6) Police reports of certain accidents
(7) Criteria for making a police report
(8) Time for making police report
(9) Exception
(10) How to make a police report
(11) Police report by owner
(12) Police report by other person in control of vehicle
(13) Registrar may require police report to be made
(14) Complying with registrar's requirements
(15) Police report by passenger
(16) Time limit for prosecution
155.1 (1) Action when domestic animal injured or killed
(2) Action by peace officer or municipal clerk
156 Repealed
157 (1) Reports by doctors and optometrists
(2) No right of action against doctor
(3) Repealed
(4) Medical review committee established
(4.1) Repealed
(4.2) Function of the medical review committee
(4.3) Quorum
(5) Chairman
(5.1) Vice-chairman
(6) Powers of medical review committee
(7) Report privileged
(8) Payment of appeal charge
(9) Waivers and refunds of application charges
158 (1) Reports confidential
(2) Information to be furnished by peace officer
(3) Copies to registrar
(4) Copies to interested parties
159 (1) Supplemental reports
(2) Confidential
PROOF OF FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
160 (1) Giving of proof of financial responsibility
(2) Maintenance of proof
(3) Exemption from maintenance of proof of financial responsibility
(4) Amount of proof required
(4.1) Proof by owner for each vehicle
(5) Where additional proof required
(6) Proof by owner of fleet
161 (1) Form of proof
(2) Effect of cancellation, etc., of licence of insurer
(3) Failure to file further proof
(4) Validity of certificate
(5) Proof by non-residents
(6) Certificates of unlicensed insurers
(7) Service of documents on unlicensed insurers
(8) Statement furnished to Superintendent of Insurance
(9) Action by Superintendent of Insurance
(10) Evidence of undertaking by unlicensed insurer
(11) Action on default by unlicensed insurer
SECURITY FOR DAMAGES CAUSED BY ACCIDENT
162 Amount of security for damages
163 Form of security
DISPOSITION OF DEPOSITS
164 (1) Proof of financial responsibility as security for payment
(2) Security with Minister of Finance held as security for payment
(3) Order for payment from security deposited
(4) Security not subject to other claims
(5) Action to recover on bond
(6) Payment where settlement made
INSURANCE POLICIES
165 (1) Nature of liability policy
(2) Delivery of certificate of financial responsibility
(3) Certificate conclusive
(4) Notice of cancellation or expiry of policy
RECIPROCAL ARRANGEMENTS
166 (1) Suspension of driving privileges of non-resident judgment debtor
(2) Suspension of non-resident for conviction
(3) Suspension of non-resident involved in accident
167 Reciprocal suspension and cancellation of licences and registrations
PART VI
PROHIBITIONS, OFFENCES, AND PENALTIES
DIVISION I
PROHIBITIONS
REGISTRATIONS, LICENCES AND PERMITS, AND USE OF VEHICLES AND HIGHWAYS GENERALLY
168 (1) Age limit for registration
(2) Limitation on registration by minors
(3) Cancellation of registration issued to minor
169 Prohibition of truck registration
170 (1) Prohibitions respecting registrations, use of licences, cards, etc.
(1.1) Application of clauses (1)(b) and (c)
(2) Offence and penalty
(3) Additional penalty
(4) Seizure of registration card, licence or other things
(5) Disposition of seized items
171 (1) Removing or defacing vehicle identification numbers
(1.1) Application of clause (1)(a)
(2) Alteration or illegal use of plates
(3) Offence and penalty
(4) Seizure of number plates or other things
(5) Disposition of seized items
172 (1) Misrepresenting model year
(2) Repealed
173 (1) Driver's licence required
(2) Compliance with restricted licence
174 (1) Prohibitions as to age and health
(2) Non-application of clause (1)(a)
(3) Minimum age for driving certain vehicles
(4) Repealed
175 (1) Driving of overweight vehicles prohibited
(2) Repealed
176 (1) Complying with conditional or restricted registration
(2) Repealed
177 (1) Unduly slow speed prohibited
(2) Repealed
(3) Maximum speed for tractors and implements of husbandry
(4) Restriction on speed of special mobile machines
(4.1) Exception
(5) Repealed
178 (1) Warning device on slow vehicles
(2) Where subsection (1) not applicable
179 (1) Unnecessary noise or smoke
(2) Unnecessary noise
180 (1) Registration of farm truck
(1.1) Prohibition re operating beacons
(2) Authorized use of farm truck
(2.1) Use of farm truck by municipal councillors etc.
(3) Limitation on use of farm truck
(4) Farm truck not to be used for hire
(4.1) Repealed
(5) Operation of farm truck for limited compensation
(6) Identification of livestock
181 Towing of vehicles transporting hazardous commodities
182 (1) Moving vehicle not under control prohibited
(2) Passengers not to block view of driver
(3) Undue crowding on front seat prohibited
(4) Obstruction of view
(5) No plastic, etc. to be applied to windows
(6) Certain types of glass prohibited
(7) Driving vehicle with plastic applied to windows prohibited
(8) Use of frost shields excepted
(9) Occupancy of "bucket" seats
(10) Repealed
183 (1) Dangerous or unsafe riding
(1.1) Driver must not drive with passenger riding dangerously or unsafely
(2) Riding in house trailer
(3) Driver's responsibility for house trailer
(4) Definition of "house trailer"
184 (1) Driver of motorcycle or moped to be on the seat
(2) Position of seat on motorcycle or moped
(3) Limitation on carriage of passengers on motorcycles
(4) Position of passenger seat, etc.
(5) Responsibility of driver
(6) Restriction on carrying passengers on a moped
(7) Transporting objects on moped
(8) Transportation of infant on mopeds
185 (1) Mopeds not to operate on certain Provincial Trunk Highways
(2) Exception
185.1 (1) Safety measures for wheelchair-bound passengers
(2) Regulations
186 (1) Definition
(2) Condition of seat belt assembly
(3) Driver must wear seat belt
(4) Passengers must wear seat belts
(5) Repealed
(6) Driver must not drive if passenger not safely seated
(7) and (8) Repealed
(9) Child restraining devices
(10) Requirement for seat belts on sale of motor vehicle
(11) Removal of seat belts prohibited
(12) Offence and penalty
(13) Minors not subject to penalty
(14) Regulations
186.1 (1) Smoking or e-cigarette use prohibited in motor vehicle if child present
(2) Smoking or e-cigarette use by children in a motor vehicle prohibited
(3) Prohibitions apply whether motor vehicle enclosed or not
(4) Offence and penalty
187 (1) Helmets required when on a motorcycle or moped
(2) Where helmets not required
(3) Repealed
(4) Regulations
188 (1) Definition of "drive carelessly"
(2) Prohibition of careless driving
(3) Offence and penalty
(4) Licence suspension or disqualification
189 (1) Racing on highway prohibited
(2) Offence and penalty
(3) Licence suspension or disqualification
189.1 (1) Offence re damaging a highway
(2) Offence by vehicle owner
(3) Penalty
190 (1) Safety zones
(2) Repealed
191 Prohibition of certain U-turns
192 Limitation respecting backing up
193 (1) Prohibition of driving on sidewalk
(2) Driving on a dividing section
194 (1) Entering limited access highways
(2) Leaving limited access highways
195 (1) Driving on median and right-of-way prohibited
(2) Exceptions
196 (1) Limitation on locking wheels
(2) Moving dangerous objects prohibited
197 (1) Definition of "air cushion vehicle"
(2) Restriction of hovercraft on highways
(3) Responsibility of owner of air cushion vehicle
197.1 (1) Aircraft use of highways prohibited
(2) Exceptions for emergency landings, etc.
(3) By-laws by traffic authorities
(4) By-laws subject to regulations in certain cases
(5) By-laws affecting departmental roads
(6) Withdrawal of approval
(7) Offence and penalty
198 Cleaning of livestock vehicles
AS TO USE OF MOTOR VEHICLE BY PERSONS
199 (1) Permitting vehicle to be driven by unauthorized person prohibited
(2) Hiring vehicle to unauthorized person prohibited
200 Repealed
201 (1) Operating vehicle without owner's consent
(2) Definition of "owner"
202 Use of old school buses
203 (1) Radar detection devices
(2) Seizure of radar detecting device
(3) Disposition of seized device
AS TO EQUIPMENT
204 (1) Driving without required equipment
(2) Application of subsection (1) to other vehicles
(3) Non-application of clauses (1)(a), (c) and (d)
205 (1) Standards of vehicles for manufacturers and distributors
(2) Compliance by dealer with standards
(3) Modification re standards
(4) Standards of components
(5) Offence and penalty
205.1 (1) Definitions re immobilization systems
(2) Disabling or removing immobilization system
(3) Offence and penalty
205.2 (1) Definition of "air bag"
(2) Disabling or removing air bag prohibited
(3) Exceptions
(4) Offence and penalty
206 (1) Retreading and recapping tires
(2) Sale of retreads, etc.
(3) New tires to comply with safety standards
(4) Repealed
207 Operating altered motorcycle
207.1 Offence and penalty re inspection certificates
GENERAL PROVISIONS
208 Precautions on opening doors
209 Tampering with motor vehicle prohibited
210 (1) Removal, etc., of traffic control devices forbidden
(2) Temporary traffic control devices
(3) Repealed
210.1 Removal, etc., of image capturing enforcement system forbidden
211 (1) Requirements as to carrying explosive material, etc.
(2) Prohibition of carriage of certain dangerous things
(3) Conditions of carriage of certain dangerous things
(4) Section subject to Explosives Act
212 Agreements respecting enforcement
213 (1) Limitation as to carrying liquor
(2) Repealed
214 (1) Certain radio receivers prohibited
(2) Exception
(2.1) Seizure of radio receiving apparatus
(2.2) Disposition of seized radio receiving apparatus
(3) T.V. sets in vehicles prohibited
(4) Operation of T.V. sets in vehicles
215 Use of radio headphones prohibited
215.1 (1) Definitions re hand-operated electronic devices
(2) Using hand-operated electronic device while driving prohibited
(3) Exception
(4) Exception — police, fire and ambulance personnel
(5) Exception — certain radios and other equipment
(6) Regulations
216 (1) Certain marking prohibited
(2) Order for change of marking
(3) Effect of order
217 (1) No depositing of rubbish or other injurious matter on highways
(2) Removal of injurious material
(3) Removal of broken glass from highway
(4) Warning as to obstructions placed on highway
218 (1) Prohibition of cattle on highway
(2) Saving
(3) No civil liability
(1) and (2) Repealed
(3) Limitation of towing by tractor
220 Tow truck equipment
AS TO PARKING AND LEAVING VEHICLES
221 (1) Requirements on leaving vehicle
(2) Reasonable justification
(3) Vehicles standing on a grade
(4) Where subsection (1) not applicable
222 (1) Where parking off roadway required
(2) Obstruction of traffic prohibited
223 (1) Parking in alleys
(2) Approval of by-law
(3) Terms of approval
(4) Definition of "alley"
FALSE STATEMENTS
224 (1) False statements an offence
(2) Offence and penalty
(2.1) Additional penalty
(2.2) Seizure of licence, permit or registration card
(3) Limitation not applicable
DRIVING BY DISQUALIFIED PERSONS, ETC.
225 (1) Driving motor vehicle while disqualified or prohibited
(1.1) Driving off-road vehicle while disqualified or prohibited
(1.2) Driving other vehicle while disqualified or prohibited
(2) Driving an unregistered vehicle by owner prohibited
(3) Driving of unregistered vehicle by other persons
(4) Owner not to permit the driving of an unregistered vehicle
(4.1) Owner not to permit the unlicensed driving of other vehicle
(5) Offence and penalty — suspended and other prohibited driving
(5.1) Defence of accused re motor vehicle
(5.2) Defence of accused re off-road vehicle
(5.3) Defence of accused re other vehicle
(6) Time limit for prosecution
226 (1) Driving without liability insurance card
(1.1) Non-application of subsection (1) to certain vehicles
(2) Driving without certificate of insurance
(3) Production of proof of insurance
(4) to (8) Repealed
(9) Offence and penalty
227 (1) Drunken driving of vehicles other than motor vehicles
(2) Offence and penalty
CONVICTIONS QUASHED
228 Where conviction quashed
229 (1) Definition of "owner"
(2) Owner may be charged with driver's offence
(2.1) Conviction of owner
(3) Owner not guilty when driver is guilty
(3.1) Owner not guilty when another owner is guilty
(4) Owner penalty
(5) Limitation
PROHIBITIONS — GENERAL
230 Standing vehicle contrary to traffic control device an offence
231 and 232 Repealed
233 Cruelty to livestock prohibited
234 Removal of traffic tickets, etc., forbidden
235 (1) Offence respecting evidence of insurance
(2) and (3) Repealed
PARKING LOTS
236 (1) Offences on parking lots
(2) Offences in "pay" parking lots
(3) Where section not applicable
237 (1) Sale of motor vehicle to person under 16 prohibited
(2) Penalties
DIVISION II
OFFENCES AND PENALTIES
238 (1) Repealed
(2) Penalty for speeding offences
(2.1) Speeding in a designated construction zone
(2.2) Additional fine not conditional on construction activity or lower speed limit
(3) Additional suspension
239 (1) General offences and penalties
(2) Licence suspension or disqualification
(3) Non-application to bicycle helmet offences
239.1 Repealed
239.2 (1) Increased penalties for offences resulting in death
(2) Licence suspension or disqualification
239.3 Limitation period — offences resulting in death
240 Saving