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The Frustrated Contracts Act
This is an unofficial version.
If you need an official copy, use the bilingual (PDF) version.

This version is current as of October 20, 2017.
It has been in effect since February 1, 1988, when this Act came into force.
 

C.C.S.M. c. F190

THE FRUSTRATED CONTRACTS ACT

HER MAJESTY, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba, enacts as follows:

Definitions

1           In this Act,

"contract" includes a contract to which the Crown is a party; (« contrat »)

"court" means the court or arbitrator by or before whom a matter falls to be determined; (« tribunal »)

"discharged" means relieved from further performance of the contract. (« libéré »)

Application of Act

2(1)        This Act applies to any contract, whenever made, governed by the law of Manitoba, that has become impossible of performance or been otherwise frustrated and the parties to which for that reason have been discharged.

Exceptions

2(2)        This Act does not apply

(a) to a charterparty or a contract for the carriage of goods by sea, except a time charterparty or a charterparty by way of demise;

(b) to a contract of insurance; or

(c) to a contract for the sale of specific goods where the goods, without the knowledge of the seller, have perished at the time when the contract is made, or where the goods, without any fault on the part of the seller or buyer, perish before the risk passes to the buyer.

Adjustment of rights and liabilities

3(1)        The sums paid or payable to a party in pursuance of a contract before the parties were discharged

(a) in the case of sums paid, are recoverable from him as money received by him for the use of the party by whom the sums were paid; and

(b) in the case of sums payable, cease to be payable.

Expenses

3(2)        Where before the parties were discharged, the party to whom the sums were paid or payable incurred expenses in connection with the performance of the contract, the court, if it considers it just to do so having regard to all the circumstances, may allow him to retain or to recover, as the case may be, the whole or any part of the sums paid or payable not exceeding the amount of the expenses; and without restricting the generality of the foregoing the court, in estimating the amount of the expenses, may include such amount as appears to be reasonable in respect of overhead expenses and in respect of any work or services performed personally by the party incurring the expenses.

Benefits

3(3)        Where, before the parties were discharged, any of them has, by reason of anything done by any other party in connection with the performance of the contract, obtained a valuable benefit other than a payment of money, the court, if it considers it just to do so having regard to all the circumstances, may allow the other party to recover from the party benefited the whole or any part of the value of the benefit.

Assumed obligations

3(4)        Where a party has assumed an obligation under the contract in consideration of the conferring of a benefit by any other party to the contract upon any other person, whether a party to the contract or not, the court, if it considers it just to do so having regard to all the circumstances, may, for the purposes of subsection (3), treat any benefit so conferred as a benefit obtained by the party who has assumed the obligation.

Insurance

3(5)        In considering whether any sum ought to be recovered or retained under this section by a party to the contract, the court shall not take into account any amount that, by reason of the circumstances giving rise to the frustration of the contract, has become payable to that party under any contract of insurance unless there was an obligation to insure imposed by an express term of the frustrated contract or by or under any enactment.

Special contractual provisions

3(6)        Where the contract contains a provision that, upon the true construction of the contract, is intended to have effect in the event of circumstances that operate, or but for the provision would operate, to frustrate the contract, or is intended to have effect whether such circumstances arise or not, the court shall give effect to the provision and shall give effect to this section only to such extent, if any, as appears to the court to be consistent with the provision.

Where contract severable

3(7)        Where it appears to the court that a part of the contract can be severed properly from the remainder of the contract, being a part wholly performed before the parties were discharged, or so performed except for the payment in respect of that part of the contract of amounts that are or can be ascertained under the contract, the court shall treat that part of the contract as if it were a separate contract that had not been frustrated and shall treat this section as applicable only to the remainder of the contract.

Interpretation and construction

4           This Act shall be so interpreted and construed as to effect its general purpose of making uniform the law of the provinces that enact it.