Welcome to the online version of the laws of Manitoba.
This page describes the types of laws that can be accessed from the menus above. It also describes how they come into force.
If you prefer not to use the drop-down menu, click the Site Map link at the top of any page to display a table of all the links.
An Act (also called a statute) is a law enacted by the Legislative Assembly. A bill becomes an Act when it receives royal assent. Before receiving royal assent, a bill must pass through various stages of review and approval in the Legislative Assembly. For a description of the legislative process, or to check the content or status of a bill, use the "Legislative Assembly" links above.
On this site, the Acts are grouped into two main categories: consolidated Acts and unconsolidated Acts.
Consolidated Acts. These are Acts of continuing application as amended from time to time. They are grouped into three subcategories: C.C.S.M., municipal Acts and private Acts.
Continuing Consolidation of the Statutes of Manitoba (C.C.S.M.). These are public Acts of general application.
The list of Acts includes, for each Act, a link to an information table about amendments to the Act and, if there are any regulations under the Act, a link to its table of regulations.
Information about amendments and the coming-into-force of a C.C.S.M. Act is found under the "Info" link for that Act in the list of C.C.S.M. Acts.
Municipal Acts. These are public Acts of application to specific municipalities. The list of municipal Acts includes information about amendments to the Acts.
Private Acts. These Acts are not of general application. They confer powers or special rights or exemptions on specific individuals or groups. The list of private Acts includes information about amendments to the Acts.
The consolidated Acts are updated with amendments as soon as possible after the amendments come into force. The date to which the Acts have been updated appears at the top of the list. If an Act is not up to date, the date to which it has been updated will be noted beside the title of the Act. In such a case, you should check the information table for the Act for recent amendments. The information table will be more up to date than the Act.
Unconsolidated Acts. These are Acts as originally enacted by the Legislative Assembly. They are grouped into two subcategories:
Annual Chapters. These are the Acts as enacted by the Legislature, beginning with the 1988-89 legislative session.
These Acts are not updated with any amendments. If an Act has been amended and is still in force, the amended version can be found among the consolidated Acts.
These Acts may also be purchased from Statutory Publications, either as individual chapters or as bound volumes containing all the chapters enacted in a given year.
Public General Acts (unconsolidated). These are a small subset of the annual chapters. They typically do not amend other Acts, are seldom amended, and are usually effective for a limited time or purpose. For example, each year the Legislative Assembly enacts an Appropriation Act giving the government expenditure authority for a fiscal year.
Coming-into-force of an Act
The last section of an Act usually specifies when the Act (or any part of it) is to come into force. Typically it comes into force on one of the following dates:
• the day the Act receives royal assent, or a specified number of days after royal assent;
• a specified date (e.g. "January 1, 2008")
• on a date to be fixed by proclamation; or
• on a date that something occurs (for example, another Act comes into force).
If an Act (or part of an Act) is to come into force on proclamation, the information table for that Act provides the proclamation status. For recent proclamations, click here or on the "Recent Proclamations" link under the Acts menu above. Proclamations are also published in Part I of the Manitoba Gazette.
A regulation is delegated legislation. It is made by a person or body under the authority of an Act passed by the Legislature. The regulation-making body is specified by the Act. Usually it is the Lieutenant Governor in Council, a member of the Executive Council, or a board, commission or tribunal.
On this site, the regulations are grouped into three categories: consolidated regulations, unconsolidated regulations and court rules.
Consolidated Regulations. These are all the regulations that have been filed with the Registrar of Regulations and are currently in force.
These regulations are updated with amendments as soon possible after the amendments come into force. The table of regulations includes a list of all the amendments to the regulations currently in force. Check the information box on the first page of the consolidated regulation to see if it includes the latest amendments.
You can access the consolidated regulations under an Act in one of three ways:
• by clicking on "Consolidated" under the Regulations menu above (for a table of all the consolidated regulations, with links to the regulations themselves)
• by clicking on the "Regulations" link under the title of the Act when you are viewing that Act (for the regulations under that Act)
• by clicking on the "R" link beside the title of the Act in the list of C.C.S.M. Acts (for the regulations under that Act)
Unconsolidated Regulations (after 1999). These are the original regulations as registered by the Registrar of Regulations.
These regulations are not updated with any amendments. If a regulation has been amended and is still in force, it can be found under the consolidated regulations.
These are also published Part II of The Manitoba Gazette which is published weekly and can be purchased from Statutory Publications. A regulation is published online at least one week before it is published in the Gazette.
Court Rules. These are regulations governing procedures for the Manitoba Court of Queen's Bench and the Manitoba Court of Appeal.
Coming-into-force of a regulation
The coming-into-force of a regulation is governed by the regulation itself, by the Act under which it is made, and by The Regulations Act. Unless a regulation or the Act under which it is made provides otherwise, the regulation comes into force on the day it is registered by the Registrar of Regulations. The date of registration is always shown on the first page of the regulation.